No More Failures: Ten Steps to Equity in Education.
Field, S., Kuczera M., Pont, B. (2007)
Equity in education has two dimensions. The first is fairness, which basically means making sure that personal and social circumstances – for example gender, socio-economic status or ethnic origin – should not be an obstacle to achieving educational potential.
The second is inclusion, in other words ensuring a basic minimum standard of education for all – for example that everyone should be able to read, write and do simple arithmetic. The two dimensions are closely intertwined: tackling school failure helps to overcome the effects of social deprivation which often causes school failure.
- Limit early tracking and streaming and postpone academic selection.
- Manage school choice so as to contain the risks to equity.
- In upper secondary education, provide attractive alternatives, remove dead ends and prevent dropout.
- Offer second chances to gain from education.
- Identify and provide systematic help to those who fall behind at school and reduce year repetition.
- Strengthen the links between school and home to help disadvantaged parents help their children to learn.
- Respond to diversity and provide for the successful inclusion of migrants and minorities within mainstream education.
- Provide strong education for all, giving priority to early childhood provision and basic schooling.
- Direct resources to the students with the greatest needs.
- Set concrete targets for more equity, particularly related to low school attainment and dropouts.